Modul:SmwUtil

IMT:HilfeWiki - das Wiki
Wechseln zu:Navigation, Suche
Documentation icon Module documentation[view] [edit] [history] [purge]

This module provides serveral useful function that can be used in other module to store or retrive data using semantic annotations.

Usage

local _SMW= require('Module:SmwUtil')
if dataStore == 'smw' and stash then
	_SMW.set(stash)
end
local query = {
	select = {'[[is public::yes]]', '[[is of type::datasheet]]', '[[has id::>>10]]'}
	fields = {'_CDAT=Create date', 'bears name=nickname', 'works as=occupation', 'has siblings'}
}
local attributes = {
	limit = 10,
	mainlabel ='-'
}
local result = _SMW.ask(query, attributes)

Functions

Provided functions are as follow:

ask(query, attributes, retainBlanks)

Runs an ask query on the semantic mediawiki triple store according to the parameters provided and returns the result as a lua table. The first parameter (query) has the following fields:

select
table or string, mandatory
the condition the query filters for. can be of string and arbitrarily complex or a table being either of format { propertyname = 'value' }, { '[[propertyname::value]]' } or a mix of both
fields
table or string, optional
the fields, you want to get data from. format of values is fieldname or fieldname=headline (you can skip the preceeding ?). DO NOT USE AN ARRAY! All keys will be discarded! Please uses string only if you have just one field to display. If you want to format the fields and add a headline, please do it before the =, e.g. fieldname#km2=area

Please keep in mind:

  • attributes may contain any attribute you find in the documentation, but intro and outro will be NILed, default and more results text will be set to the empty string, and format will be overwritten
  • per default, does only return fields that contain a value. that can result in an "unbalanced" result, where one row contains more elements than others. if you want to get all fields, set retainBlanks to true
query
table, mandatory
the arguments to construct the query. see above for details
attributes
table, optional
more attributes, you want to pass on to the ask query (like limit, for instance)
retainBlanks
boolean, optional
if set to true, result can contain entries with empty values. per default, these entries will be deleted
return
table, query result as a lua table. see the following printout as example


{
	1 = {
		1 = 'Extension:Cargo'
		has id = '7'
		references = { '901', '821' }
		description = 'Cargo provides a lightweight way to store and query the data contained within the calls to templates, such as infoboxes in mysql tables.'
		MainLabel = 'Extension:Cargo'
	}
	2 = {
		1 = 'Extension:SyntaxHighlight GeSHi'
		has id = '6'
		references = '911'
		description = 'The SyntaxHighlight GeSHi extension provides rich formatting of source code using the "syntaxhighlight"-tag. ...'
		MainLabel = 'Extension:SyntaxHighlight GeSHi'
	}
}

As you can see, the data fields can be indexed either by number or by the provided headline in table fields. (The headline is either the fieldname or a special string you provided via fieldname=headline. The mainlabel always has number 1 and whatever you passed on to attribute mainlabel (if nothing, default is MainLabel).

get(page, field)

A shortcut for show(page, field).

lua(query, attributes, retainBlanks)

A shortcut for ask(query, attributes, retainBlanks).

rawask(query, attributes)

Calls the parser function #ask according to the provided parameters and passes the result on directly. The format of the output is depending on attributes.format. The first parameter (query) has the following mandatory fields:

select
table or string, mandatory
the condition the query filters for. can be of string and arbitrarily complex or a table being either of format { propertyname : 'value' }, { '[[propertyname::value]]' } or a mix of both
fields
table or string, optional
the fields, you want to get data from. format is fieldname or fieldname=headline (you can skip the preceeding ?). Please uses string only if you have just one field to display. If you want to format the fields and add a headline, please do it before the =, e.g. fieldname#km2=area

Please keep in mind:

  • attributes may contain any attribute you find in the documentation, but intro and outro will be NILed, default and more results text will be set to the empty string, and format will be overwritten
  • per default, does only return fields that contain a value. that can result in an "unbalanced" result, where one row contains more elements than others. if you want to get all fields, set retainBlanks to true
query
table, mandatory
the arguments to construct the query. see above for details
attributes
table, optional
more attributes, you want to pass on to the ask query (like limit, for instance)
return
string, the renderd output

set(stash)

Stores provided stash in semantic triple stores.

stash
string or table, mandatory
data to store. if provided as string 'has property=value', one triple can be stores. if provided as table, you can either use { has property = 'value' }, { 'has propert=value' }, or a mix thereof. Even { has property = {'value1', 'value2', 'value3' } is possible.
return
string, hopefully empty, result of set parser function

show(page, field)

Returns contents of field stored on page

page
string, mandatory
name of page, to get the property contents from (please include namespace but explude brackets), e.g. 'Meta:Mail'
field
string, mandatory
name of property, to get the contents from. You can skip the '?'
return
string, contents of property 'field' on page

subobject(stash, uid)

Stores provided stash as a subject. Contrary to set(stash) the data is not stored directly on the page but in a separate entity called subobject. These objects can be queried for separately.

stash
string or table, mandatory
data to store. if provided as string 'has property=value', one triple can be stores. if provided as table, you can either use { has property = 'value' }, { 'has propert=value' }, or a mix thereof. Even { has property = {'value1', 'value2', 'value3' } is possible.
uid
string, optional
You can supply a uid to identify the object by. Just make sure, it is unique. :)
return
string, hopefully empty, result of set parser function

local p = {}
local classDebug = require('Module:Debug/class')
local getArgs = require('Module:Arguments').getArgs
local smw = mw.smw
local _TT = require('Module:TableTools')

local cfg = {
	nameMainLabel = 'PageName',
}

local buildQueryFrom = function(stash)
	local query = {}
	if type(stash) == 'table' then
		for k, v in pairs(stash) do
			if type(v) == 'table' then
				for _, vv in pairs(v) do
					local val = vv
					if type(vv) == 'boolean' then
						val = vv and 'wahr' or 'falsch'
					end
					if type(k) == 'number' then
						table.insert(query, val)
					elseif type(val) == 'table' then
						error( 'While building set-query, detected invalid table value for key ' .. k .. ': ' .. _TT.printTable(val) )
					else
						table.insert(query, k .. '=' .. val)
					end
				end
			else
				local val = v
				if type(v) == 'boolean' then
					val = v and 'wahr' or 'falsch'
				end
				if type(k) == 'number' then
					table.insert(query, val)
				else
					table.insert(query, k .. '=' .. val)
				end
			end
		end
	else
		query[1] = stash
	end
	return query
end

local extractFieldFrom = function(s)
	local ret = '?' .. s:match('^%??([^#=]+).*$')
	local headline = s:find('=', 1, true) and
		s:match('^.*=([^=]*)$') or nil
	local formatter = s:find('#', 1, true) and
		s:match('^.*#([^=]*).*$') or nil
	if formatter and not formatter:find('-', 1, true) then
		formatter = formatter .. '-'
	end
	return ret .. ( formatter and ('#' .. formatter) or '' ) .. ( headline and ( '=' .. headline ) or '' )
end

function p.ask(query, attributes, retainBlanks)
	classDebug:log(21, 'entering SmwUtil.ask', 'SmwUtil.ask')
	classDebug:log(23, ' with query: ' .. (query and _TT.printTable(query) or 'NONE'), 'SmwUtil.ask')
	classDebug:log(23, ' with attributes: ' .. (attributes and _TT.printTable(attributes) or 'NONE'), 'SmwUtil.ask')
	local select = query.select and query.select or (query.where and query.where or nil)
	local fields = query.fields
	local attributes = attributes or {}
	if not select or (type(select) == 'table' and _TT.size(select) == 0) or (#select == 0) then
		error('SmwUtil.ask: Argument query.select is missing or empty!', 2)
	end
	if type(attributes) == 'string' then
		attributes = { attributes }
	elseif type(attributes) ~= 'table' then
		error('SmwUtil.ask: Argument attributes has wrong parameter type (' .. type(attributes) .. '); must be table or string', 2)
	end
	if not attributes.limit then
		attributes.limit = 1000
	end
	local nameMainlabel = (attributes.mainlabel and attributes.mainlabel ~= '-') and attributes.mainlabel or cfg.nameMainLabel
	attributes.mainlabel = '-'
	-- now build the query
	local query = {}
	if type(select) == 'string' then
		table.insert(query, select)
	else
		for k, v in pairs(select) do
			if type(k) == 'number' then
				table.insert(query, v)
			else
				table.insert(query, '[[' .. k .. '::' .. v .. ']]')
			end
		end
	end
	table.insert(query, '?#-=' .. nameMainlabel)
	if type(fields) == 'string' then
		table.insert(query, extractFieldFrom(fields))
	elseif type(fields) == 'table' then
		for _, v in pairs(fields) do
			table.insert(query, extractFieldFrom(v))
		end
	end
	for k, v in pairs(attributes) do
		if type(k) == 'number' then
			table.insert(query, v)
		else
			table.insert(query, k .. '=' .. v)
		end
	end
	local result = smw.ask(query)
	if type(result) == 'table' and result[nameMainlabel] then
		result[1] = nameMainlabel
	end
	return result, query
end

function p.rawask(query, attributes)
	classDebug:log(21, 'entering SmwUtil.rawask', 'SmwUtil.rawask')
	classDebug:log(23, ' with query: ' .. (query and _TT.printTable(query) or 'NONE'), 'SmwUtil.rawask')
	classDebug:log(23, ' with attributes: ' .. (attributes and _TT.printTable(attributes) or 'NONE'), 'SmwUtil.rawask')
	local frame = mw.getCurrentFrame()
	local select = query.select and query.select or (query.where and query.where or nil)
	local fields = query.fields
	local selection = ''
	if type(select) == 'string' then
		selection = select
	elseif type(select) == 'table' then
		for k, v in pairs(select) do
			if type(k) == 'number' then
				selection = selection .. ' ' .. v
			else
				selection = selection .. ' [[' .. k .. '::' .. v .. ']]'
			end
		end
	else
		error('SmwUtil.rawask: Argument query.select has wrong parameter type (' .. type(select) .. '); must be table or string', 2)
	end
	local args = {}
	if type(fields) == 'string' then
		args[1] = mw.ustring.sub( fields, 1, 1 ) ~= '?' and '?' .. fields or fields
	elseif type(fields) == 'table' then
		for k, v in pairs(fields) do
			args[k] = mw.ustring.sub( v, 1, 1 ) ~= '?' and '?' .. v or v
		end
	end
	if attributes then
		if type(attributes) == 'string' then
			table.insert(args, attributes)
		elseif type(attributes) == 'table' then
			for k, v in pairs(attributes) do
				args[k] = v
			end
		else
			error('SmwUtil.rawask: Argument attributes has wrong parameter type (' .. type(attributes) .. '); must be table or string', 2)
		end
	end
	return frame:callParserFunction{ name = '#ask:' .. selection, args = args}
end

function p.set(stash)
	classDebug:log(21, 'entering SmwUtil.set', 'SmwUtil.set')
	classDebug:log(23, ' with stash: ' .. (stash and _TT.printTable(stash) or 'NONE'), 'SmwUtil.set')
	if type(stash) ~= 'string' and type(stash) ~= 'table' then
		error('SmwUtil.set: Argument stash has wrong parameter type (' .. type(stash) .. '); must be table or string', 2)
	end
	-- build and execute query
	local query = buildQueryFrom(stash)
	local result = smw.set(query)
	if result == true then
		return ''
	else
		return result.error
	end
end

function p.show(page, field)
	classDebug:log(21, 'entering SmwUtil.show', 'SmwUtil.show')
	classDebug:log(23, ' with page: ' .. (page and page or 'NONE'), 'SmwUtil.show')
	classDebug:log(23, ' with field: ' .. (field and field or 'NONE'), 'SmwUtil.show')
	local frame = mw.getCurrentFrame()
	local page = page:match('^[%[]*([^%[%]]+)[%]]*$')
	local field = mw.ustring.sub( field, 1, 1 ) ~= '?' and '?' .. field or field
	return frame:callParserFunction('#show:' .. page, field)
end

function p.subobject(stash, uid)
	classDebug:log(21, 'entering SmwUtil.subobject', 'SmwUtil.subobject')
	classDebug:log(23, ' with stash: ' .. (stash and _TT.printTable(stash) or 'NONE'), 'SmwUtil.subobject')
	classDebug:log(23, ' with uid: ' .. (uid and uid or 'NONE'), 'SmwUtil.subobject')
	if type(stash) ~= 'string' and type(stash) ~= 'table' then
		error('SmwUtil.subobject: Argument stash has wrong parameter type (' .. type(stash) .. '); must be table or string', 2)
	end
	-- build and execute query
	local uid = uid or nil
	local query = buildQueryFrom(stash)
	local result = smw.subobject(query, uid)
	if result == true then
		return ''
	else
		return result.error
	end
end 
-- ************************************
-- alias definition
-- ************************************

p.get = p.show
p.lua = p.ask

return p